);

Fort Worth

Fort Worth put the FW in DFW! Rich in history, “Cowtown” got it’s name from the booming cattle industry in the early 1870s. This information is from the Texas State Handbook Online, a hugely valuable resource for Texans or those who would become Texans. This information is from here and is a great read: https://tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hdf01

 

FORT WORTH, TEXAS. Fort Worth is on Interstate highways 35W, 20, and 30 and the Clear Fork of the Trinity River in central Tarrant County. In January 1849 United States Army General William Jenkins Worth, hero of the Mexican War, proposed a line of ten forts to mark the western Texas frontier from Eagle Pass to the confluence of the West Fork and Clear Fork of the Trinity River. Upon the death of Worth, Gen. William S. Harney assumed the command and ordered Maj. Ripley S. Arnold to find a new fort site near the West Fork and Clear Fork. This site was suggested by Middleton Tate Johnson, who once commanded a detachment of Texas Rangers and founded Johnson Station, just southeast of what is now Fort Worth. On June 6, 1849, Arnold established a camp on the bank of the Trinity River and named the post Camp Worth in honor of General Worth. In August 1849 Arnold moved the camp to the north-facing bluff which overlooked the mouth of the Clear Fork. The United States War Department officially named the post Fort Worth on November 14, 1849. Although Indians were still a threat in the area, pioneers were already settling near the fort. When relocating the camp, Arnold found George “Press” Farmer living on the bluff and allowed him to open the first sutler’s store. Other early settlers were Ephraim M. Daggett, George W. Terrell, Ed Terrell, and Howard W. Peak. But when a new line of forts was built further west, the army evacuated Fort Worth on September 17, 1853. Settlers then took uncontested possession of the site. John Peter Smith opened a school with twelve students in 1854; Henry Daggett and Archibald Leonard started department stores. Julian Feild ran a general store and flour mill in 1856, and the Butterfield Overland Mail and the Southern Pacific Stage Line used the town as a western terminus on the way to California. In 1855 the county seat war erupted. Since 1849 the county seat had been Birdville, but in 1855 Fort Worth citizens decided that this honor belonged to their town. After a long bitter fight Fort Worth became the county seat in April 1860, and construction began on a stone county courthouse. After a delay due to the Civil War the courthouse was finished in the 1870s, although it burned in 1876.

During the 1860s Fort Worth suffered from the effects of the Civil War and Reconstruction. The population dropped as low as 175, and money, food, and supply shortages burdened the residents. Gradually, however, the town began to revive. By 1872 Jacob Samuels, William Jesse Boaz, and William Henry Davis had opened general stores. The next year Khleber M. Van Zandt established Tidball, Van Zandt, and Company, which became Fort Worth National Bank in 1884. Barrooms such as Tom Prindle’s Saloon and Steele’s Tavern welcomed many travelers. Weekly newspapers were prominent, including the Fort Worth Chief and the Democrat. Schools gradually reopened, and in 1869 Addison and Randolph Clark, along with Ida Clark, taught six pupils in a local church. It was the developing cattle industry, however, that really began the community’s economic boom. Known as Cowtown, Fort Worth offered cowboys a respite from the cattle drives to Abilene, Kansas. Northern cattle buyers established their headquarters in the town, and new businesses included Pendery and Wilson’s Liquor Wholesale, B. C. Evans dry goods, and Martin B. Loyd’s Exchange Office. In 1873 the city was incorporated with a mayor-council government, and W. P. Burts became the first mayor. During this time the Democrat, owned by K. M. Van Zandt and under the editorial leadership of Buckley B. Paddock, successfully campaigned for a fire department and other civic improvements. Transportation and communication were an important part of Fort Worth and its growth. In 1874 the first westbound stage arrived, and in 1878 the Yuma Stage Line made Fort Worth the eastern terminus to Yuma, Arizona. The Texas and Pacific Railway designated Fort Worth as the eastern terminus for the route to San Diego, California. After a delay caused by the panic of 1873 the Texas and Pacific was finally completed to Fort Worth on July 19, 1876; by 1900 the Missouri, Kansas and Texas (the “Katy”), the Santa Fe, the Fort Worth and New Orleans, the Fort Worth and Brownwood, the Fort Worth and Rio Grande, the Fort Worth and Denver City, the Fort Worth, Corsicana and Beaumont, and the St. Louis Southwestern (the “Cotton Belt”) served the town. The Fort Worth Street Railway Company ran a mile-long route down Main Street. Early newspapers were the Fort Worth Standard (1873–78), the Greenback Tribune(1878–89; later the Fort Worth Tribune), the Democrat (1876), the Democrat-Advance (1881), the Gazette(1882–98), and the Fort Worth Star-Telegram (1909-).

One of the most popular gathering places was the Texas Spring Palace, an agricultural exhibition hall built in 1889 and destroyed by fire in 1890. The palace was not only a form of entertainment but also an important part of the town’s strategy for boosting commercial expansion. It was advertised throughout the nation, and special trains brought visitors from as far away as Boston and Chicago. Hell’s Half Acre provided saloons and bawdy houses for cowboys and havens for desperadoes. By 1876 Fort Worth residents were demanding that the lawlessness be controlled, and they elected Timothy I. “Jim” Courtright as marshal. By the 1890s the Queen City of the Prairie, as Fort Worth liked to be known, was becoming a dressed-beef center. In North Fort Worth businessmen founded the Texas Dressed Beef and Packing Company, the Union Stockyards Company, and the Fort Worth StockyardsCompany. When Swift and Company and Armour and Company began to look for Texas sites for branch plants, Fort Worth citizens pledged a bonus of $100,000 for the two companies if they would locate there. Because of this incentive, and because the town was served by railroads, Armour and Swift decided to locate a meat-packing plant in Fort Worth. The venture was successful and, combined with the stockyards, helped Fort Worth become a leading packing-house center. In 1903 the first livestock was slaughtered in the new plants. The rise of the stockyards and packing plants stimulated other livestock-related businesses. J. B. Buchanan and C. E. Lee issued the Livestock Reporter and the North Fort Worth News. In 1896 the first Fat Stock Show was held, and in 1908 the Northside Coliseum was built to house the Southwestern Exposition and Fat Stock Show (later the Southwestern Exposition and Livestock Show). The city decided to begin the construction of new county courthouse in 1893. The leaders of Fort Worth also caught the reform spirit of the Progressive era, and in 1907 the city government was restructured to the commission form. In 1909 a devastating fire motivated the construction of a dam on the West Fork; the resulting Lake Worth provided a reliable water supply. The city limits were expanded to 16.83 square miles in 1909.

During World War I the United States Army established Camp Bowie (in the Arlington Heights area), which trained 100,000 men, and the United States Army Air Force converted three airfields into centers of aviation training. With the discovery of oil in Texas, refinery and pipeline companies such as Sinclair Refining Company, Texaco, and Humble Oil and Refining Company (later Exxon Company, U.S.A.) converged on Fort Worth, which also developed into a center for oil stock exchanges. In 1927 Meacham Field opened, offering commercial and passenger service from locally operated Braniff Airways and American Airlines (see AMR CORPORATION). Medical care was provided by several hospitals-Fort Worth Children’s, St. Joseph’s, John Peter Smith, and Harris. In 1924 the city government was changed to the council-manager form, and the city limits were expanded to 61.57 square miles. The major additions were Arlington Heights, Riverside, Niles City, and Polytechnic. During the Great Depression of the 1930s Fort Worth was able to secure federal money for many construction projects, including the Will Rogers Memorial Coliseum and Auditorium, as well as the renovation and building of public schools. With the outbreak of World War II the aviation industry came to Fort Worth. Consolidated Vultee Aircraft Corporation, the largest manufacturer in Fort Worth, was later bought by General Dynamics Corporation. Next to the bomber factory the Army Air Force located the Tarrant Field Air Drome, which in 1948 became Carswell Air Force Base, a part of the Strategic Air Command and a station for the B-36. Because the Trinity River had flooded severely in 1922 and 1949, Fort Worth residents secured federal money to build the Trinity River Floodway. The project was completed in 1956. Texas Christian University, Texas Wesleyan College, and Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary provided higher education.

By the 1950s the downtown area had deteriorated, and in 1956 the Gruen Plan was introduced. This plan called for a freeway loop around the central business district, the construction of underground tunnels, and the elimination of vehicular traffic inside the loop. Although the plan was never accepted, it emphasized the necessity of planning for the city’s future needs. During the 1960s and 1970s Fort Worth was filled with economic activity. The Tarrant County Convention Center, the Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport, the Amon Carter Museum, and the Kimbell Art Museum were constructed. Amon Carter, Sr., publisher of the Fort Worth Star-Telegram, worked diligently to promote the city’s growth. He was also a successful oil operator and owned much real estate in the area. He worked hard to publicize the city and secured government installations and projects. During this time the city limits expanded to 272 square miles. Over the past century the city population has boomed-6,663 in 1880, 26,668 in 1900, 277,047 in 1950, 385,164 in 1980, 447,619 in 1990, and 534,694 in 2000. In spite of increasing urbanization Fort Worth has retained its western flavor as the city “Where the West Begins.”

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

Verana E. Berrong, History of Tarrant County: From Its Beginnings until 1875 (M.A. thesis, Texas Christian University, 1938). David Ross Copeland, Emerging Young Giant: Fort Worth, 1877–1880 (M.A. thesis, Texas Christian University, 1972). Macel D. Ezell, Progressivism in Fort Worth Politics, 1935–38 (M.A. thesis, Texas Christian University, 1963). James Farber, Fort Worth in the Civil War (Belton, Texas: Peter Hansborough Bell Press, 1960). Fort Worth Star-Telegram, October 30, 1969. Julia Kathryn Garrett, Fort Worth: A Frontier Triumph (Austin: Encino, 1972). Thomas Albert Harkins, A History of the Municipal Government of Fort Worth, Texas (M.A. thesis, Texas Christian University, 1937). Donald Alvin Henderson, Fort Worth and the Depression, 1929–33 (M.A. thesis, Texas Christian University, 1937). Delia Ann Hendricks, The History of Cattle and Oil in Tarrant County (M.A. thesis, Texas Christian University, 1969). Oliver Knight, Fort Worth, Outpost on the Trinity (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1953). Richard G. Miller, “Fort Worth and the Progressive Era: The Movement for Charter Revision, 1899–1907,” in Essays on Urban America, ed. Margaret Francine Morris and Elliot West (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1975). Ruth Gregory Newman, The Industrialization of Fort Worth (M.A. thesis, North Texas State University, 1950). Buckley B. Paddock, History of Texas: Fort Worth and the Texas Northwest Edition (4 vols., Chicago: Lewis, 1922). J’Nell Pate, Livestock Legacy: The Fort Worth Stockyards, 1887–1987 (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1988). Warren H. Plasters, A History of Amusements in Fort Worth from the Beginning to 1879 (M.A. thesis, Texas Christian University, 1947). Leonard Sanders, How Fort Worth Became the Texasmost City (Fort Worth: Amon Carter Museum, 1973). Robert H. Talbert, Cowtown-Metropolis: Case Study of a City’s Growth and Structure (Fort Worth: Texas Christian University, 1956). Joseph C. Terrell, Reminiscences of the Early Days of Fort Worth(Fort Worth, 1906). Mack H. Williams, In Old Fort Worth: The Story of a City and Its People as Published in the News-Tribune in 1976 and 1977 (1977). Mack H. Williams, comp., The News-Tribune in Old Fort Worth (Fort Worth: News-Tribune, 1975).

Fort Worth Area School Information

School NameCityGrade RangeRating
A M Pate Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-54
A V Cato Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-53
Adult Education
Fort Worth8-12
Al-Hedayah Academy
Fort WorthPK-11
Alice Carlson Applied Learning Center
Fort WorthPK-57
Alice D Contreras
Fort WorthPK-54
All Saints' Catholic School - Fort Worth
Fort WorthPK-8
All Saints' Episcopal School of Fort Worth
Fort WorthPK-12
Alliance Christian Academy
Fort WorthK-7
Alter Discipline Campus
Fort Worth1-12
Ambassadors of Christ Chr. Ac.
Fort WorthPK-12
Anderson Private School For The Gifted & Talented
Fort Worthn/a
Applied Learning Academy
Fort Worth6-86
Arlington Heights High School
Fort Worth9-123
Assessment Center
Fort WorthPK-12
Atwood Mcdonald Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-54
Basswood Elementary School
Fort WorthK-46
Bethesda Christian School
Fort WorthK-12
Better Perot Elementary School
Fort WorthK-49
Bill J Elliott Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-55
Blue Haze Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-47
Bluebonnet Elementary School
Fort WorthK-45
Bonnie Brae
Fort WorthPK-57
Boswell High School
Fort Worth9-126
Boulevard Heights
Fort WorthPK-122
Brewer High School
Fort Worth9-124
Bridge Assoc
Fort Worth4-121
Bruce Shulkey Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-54
Bryson Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-55
Burton Hill Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-58
Calvary Christian Academy
Fort WorthPK-12
Caprock Elementary School
Fort WorthK-44
Carroll Peak Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-53
Carter Park Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-54
Carter-Riverside High School
Fort Worth9-122
Cassata High School
Fort Worth9-12
Center For Creative Living Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-8
Central High School
Fort Worth9-128
Cesar Chavez Primary School
Fort WorthPK-55
Chapel Hill Academy
Fort WorthPK-55
Charles Baxter J High School
Fort Worth7-86
Charles Nash Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-57
Chisholm Ridge
Fort WorthPK-55
Chisholm Trail High School
Fort Worth9-126
Chisholm Trail Intermediate School
Fort Worth5-65
Christene C Moss Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-54
Christian Cottage Prep
Fort Worth5-8
Christian Cottage Prep
Fort Worth3-9
Christian Life Preparatory School
Fort WorthK-12
Clifford Davis Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-53
Comanche Springs Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-55
Como Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-54
Como Montessori
Fort WorthK-85
Covenant Classical School
Fort WorthK-12
Creekview Middle School
Fort Worth6-87
Crowley Middle School
Fort Worth7-84
Daggett Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-54
Daggett Middle School
Fort Worth6-84
Daggett Montessori
Fort WorthK-87
Dallas Park Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-43
Dan Powell Intermediate School
Fort Worth54
David L Walker Intermediate School
Fort Worth5-62
De Zavala Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-53
Destiny Christian Academy
Fort WorthPK-7
Detent Center
Fort Worth4-121
Diamond Hill Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-53
Diamond Hill-Jarvis High School
Fort Worth9-121
District Wide Elementary School
Fort WorthK-5
District Wide Middle School
Fort Worth6-8
Dolores Huerta Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-55
Dozier Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-56
Dunbar High School
Fort Worth9-121
Dunbar Middle School
Fort Worth6-83
E Ray Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-44
Eagle Heights Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-46
Eagle Mountain Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-56
Eagle Ridge Elementary School
Fort WorthK-47
East Fort Worth Montessori Academy
Fort WorthPK-54
East Handley Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-54
Eastern Hills Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-54
Eastern Hills High School
Fort Worth9-121
Ed Willkie Middle School
Fort Worth6-85
Edward Briscoe Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-54
Ekklesia Christian School
Fort WorthPK-6
Elder Middle School
Fort Worth6-85
Elmer C Watson High School
Fort Worth9-12
Fellowship Christian Academy
Fort WorthPK-12
Forest Oak Middle School
Fort Worth6-84
Fort Worth Academy
Fort WorthK-8
Fort Worth Academy Of Fine Arts
Fort Worth7-129
Fort Worth Academy Of Fine Arts Elementary School
Fort WorthK-68
Fort Worth Can Academy - Campus Dr
Fort Worth9-121
Fort Worth Christian Middle School
Fort WorthPK-12
Fort Worth Christian School
Fort WorthPK-12
Fort Worth Country Day School
Fort WorthK-12
Fort Worth Hebrew Day School
Fort WorthPK-6
Fort Worth Heritage Christian Academy
Fort WorthPK-12
Fort Worth Save Our Children
Fort WorthPK-6
Fossil Hill Middle School
Fort Worth7-86
Fossil Ridge High School
Fort Worth9-126
Freedom Elementary School
Fort WorthK-46
Friendship Elementary School
Fort WorthK-47
Ft Worth Adventist Jr Academy
Fort WorthPK-8
Ft Worth Save Our Children
Fort WorthPK-8
Fw Rgnl Program For Deaf
Fort WorthPK-5
George Clarke Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-53
Glen Park Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-53
Glencrest 6th Grade School
Fort Worth61
Glenview Christian School
Fort WorthPK-12
Greenbriar Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-52
Greenfield Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-58
Handley Middle School
Fort Worth6-84
Harmony School Of Innovation - Fort Worth
Fort Worth6-128
Harmony Science Academy- Fort Worth
Fort WorthK-55
Harvest Christian School
Fort WorthK-8
Hazel Harvey Peace Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-55
Helbing Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-54
Heritage Elementary School
Fort WorthK-44
High Country Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-55
Hill School Of Fort Worth
Fort Worth2-12
Hillwood Middle School
Fort Worth7-88
Holy Family Catholic School
Fort WorthPK-8
Hope Works Christian Academy
Fort WorthPK-12 & ungraded
Hubbard Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-53
I M Terrell Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-51
Iltexas - East Fort Worth Elementary School
Fort WorthK-5
Iltexas - East Fort Worth Middle
Fort Worth6-8
Iltexas - Saginaw Elementary School
Fort WorthK-5
Iltexas - Saginaw Middle
Fort Worth6-8
Independence Elementary School
Fort WorthK-46
Insights Learning Center
Fort Worth3-5
Int'l Newcomer Academy
Fort Worth6-121
International Leadership Of Texas - Keller High School
Fort Worth9-117
International Leadership Of Texas Elementary - Keller
Fort WorthK-58
International Leadership Of Texas Middle - Keller
Fort Worth6-89
J A Hargrave Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-42
J T Stevens Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-55
Jackie Carden Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-45
James Middle School
Fort Worth6-84
Jean Mcclung Middle School
Fort Worth6-83
Jo Kelly Sp Ed
Fort WorthPK-121
John And Polly Townley Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-46
John T White Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-53
Joy James Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-54
Kay Granger Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-58
Key School
Fort Worthn/a
Kirkpatrick Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-53
Kirkpatrick Middle School
Fort Worth6-86
Lake Country Christian School
Fort WorthPK-12
Lake Pointe Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-58
Leonard Middle School
Fort Worth6-83
Lily B Clayton Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-57
Lowery Road Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-55
Lucyle Collins Middle School
Fort Worth7-83
Luella Merrett Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-53
M L Phillips Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-56
Manuel Jara Elementary School
Fort Worth1-55
Marilyn Miller Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-42
Marine Creek Collegiate High School
Fort Worth9-129
Marine Creek Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-42
Mary Harris Intermediate School
Fort Worth5-63
Maude I Logan Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-53
Maudrie Walton Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-52
Mclean 6th Grade
Fort Worth65
Mclean Middle School
Fort Worth6-86
Mcrae Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-54
Meacham Middle School
Fort Worth6-84
Meadowbrook Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-54
Meadowbrook Middle School
Fort Worth6-84
Meadowcreek Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-42
Metro Opportunity
Fort Worth9-121
Mg Ellis
Fort WorthPK-2
Middle Lvl Lrn Center
Fort Worth6-8
Miss Endy's Christian Academy
Fort WorthPK-5
Mitchell Boulevard Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-53
Monnig Middle School
Fort Worth6-82
Montessori Children's House
Fort WorthPK-6
Moore M High Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-56
Morningside Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-54
Morningside Middle School
Fort Worth6-82
Mosaic Academy
Fort WorthPK-10
Natha Howell Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-53
Nolan Catholic High School
Fort Worth9-12
North Crowley High School
Fort Worth9-123
North Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-46
North Hi Mount Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-56
North Park Christian Academy
Fort WorthPK-3
North Riverside Elementary School
Fort WorthK-44
North Side High School
Fort Worth9-123
North West Christian Academy
Fort Worth4-12
Northbrook Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-55
O A Peterson
Fort WorthPK-56
O D Wyatt High School
Fort Worth9-121
Oakhurst Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-56
Oaklawn Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-53
Oakmont Elementary School
Fort WorthPK-45
Our Lady Of Victory Catholic School
Fort WorthPK-8
Our Mother of Mercy
Fort WorthPK-8
Park Glen Elementary School
Fort WorthK-47
Parkview Elementary School
Fort WorthK-45